16 March – This Day In History

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16 March – This Day In History

·         16 March 1190 The Crusaders began the massacre of Jews in York, England

·         16 March 1521 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines. He was killed the next month by natives

·         16 March 1527 The Emperor Babur defeated the Rajputs at the Battle of Kanvaha in India

·         16 March 1621 Samoset walked into the settlement of Plymouth Colony, later Plymouth, MA. Samoset was a native from the Monhegan tribe in Maine who spoke English

·         16 March 1751 “Father of the Constitution” is born

·         16 March 1751 James Madison is born

·         16 March 1802 U.S. Military Academy established

·         16 March 1802 The U.S. Congress established the West Point Military Academy in New York

·         16 March 1836 The Republic of Texas approved a constitution

·         16 March 1850 The novel “The Scarlet Letter,” by Nathaniel Hawthorne, was published for the first time

·         16 March 1865 Battle of Averasboro, North Carolina

·         16 March 1871 The State of Delaware enacted the first fertilizer law

·         16 March 1881 A virtuous woman turns murderous

·         16 March 1882 The U.S. Senate approved a treaty allowing the United States to join the Red Cross

·         16 March 1883 Susan Hayhurst graduated from the Philadelphia College of Pharmacy. She was the first woman pharmacy graduate

·         16 March 1903 Judge Roy Bean dies

·         16 March 1907 The world’s largest cruiser, the British Invincible was completed at Glasgow

·         16 March 1908 China released the Japanese steamship Tatsu Maru

·         16 March 1909 Cuba suffered its first revolt only six weeks after the inauguration of Gomez

·         16 March 1912 Juliette Gordon Low founded the Girl Scouts

·         16 March 1913 The 15,000-ton battleship Pennsylvania was launched at Newport News, VA

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·         16 March 1915 The Federal Trade Commission began operation

·         16 March 1916 German Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz resigns

·         16 March 1917 Russian Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne

·         16 March 1918 Tallulah Bankhead made her New York acting debut with a role in “The Squab Farm”

·         16 March 1926 First liquid-fueled rocket

·         16 March 1926 Physicist Robert H. Goddard launched the first liquid-fuel rocket

·         16 March 1928 The U.S. planned to send 1,000 more Marines to Nicaragua

·         16 March 1930 Mohandas Gandhi began his 200-mile march to protest the British salt tax

·         16 March 1933 President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave the first of his nation-wide “fireside chats” on radio

·         16 March 1935 Adolf Hitler ordered a German rearmament and violated the Versailles Treaty

·         16 March 1938 “Anschluss” took place when Hitler incorporated his homeland of Austria into the Third Reich

·         16 March 1939 Germany occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia

·         16 March 1945 Iwo Jima was declared secure by the Allies. However, small pockets of Japanese resistance still existed

·         16 March 1946 Algerian nationalist leader Ferhat Abbas was freed after spending a year in jail

·         16 March 1946 India called British Premier Attlee’s independence off contradictory and a propaganda move

·         16 March 1947 President Truman established the “Truman Doctrine” to aid in the containment of Communism

·         16 March 1947 Martial law was withdrawn in Tel Aviv

·         16 March 1950 Congress voted to remove federal taxes on oleomargarine

·         16 March 1953 Baseball owners give Veeck cold shoulder

·         16 March 1964 Paul Hornung and Alex Karras were reinstated to the NFL after an 11-month suspension for betting on football games

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·         16 March 1964 U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson submitted a $1 billion war on poverty program to Congress

·         16 March 1968 My Lai massacre takes place in Vietnam

·         16 March 1968 U.S. troops massacre South Vietnamese

·         16 March 1970 Motown soul singer Tammi Terrell dies

·         16 March 1975 South Vietnamese flee Pleiku and Kontum

·         16 March 1978 Supertanker wrecks off French coast

·         16 March 1978 Italian politician Aldo Moro was kidnapped by left-wing urban guerrillas. Moro was later murdered by the group

·         16 March 1982 Russia announced they would halt their deployment of new nuclear missiles in Western Europe

·         16 March 1984 Mozambique and South Africa signed a pact banning the support for one another’s internal enemies

·         16 March 1984 William Buckley, the CIA station chief in Beirut, was kidnapped by gunmen. He died while in captivity

·         16 March 1985 Terry Anderson, an Associated Press newsman, was taken hostage in Beirut. He was released in December 4, 1991

·         16 March 1985 “A Chorus Line” played its 4,000 performance

·         16 March 1987 “Bostonia” magazine printed an English translation of Albert Einstein’s last high school report card

·         16 March 1988 Reagan orders troops into Honduras

·         16 March 1988 Indictments were issued for Lt. Colonel Oliver North, Vice Admiral John Poindexter of the National Security Council, and two others for their involvement in the Iran-Contra affair

·         16 March 1988 Mickey Thompson and his wife Trudy were shot to death in their driveway. Thompson, known as the “Speed King,” set nearly 500 auto speed endurance records including being the first person to travel more than 400 mph on land

·         16 March 1989 In the U.S.S.R., the Central Committee approved Gorbachev’s agrarian reform plan

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·         16 March 1989 The Soviet Communist Party’s Central Committee approved large-scale agricultural reforms and elected the party’s 100 members to the Congress of People’s Deputies

·         16 March 1993 Janet Reno was sworn in as the first female attorney general of the United States

·         16 March 1993 In France, ostrich meat was officially declared fit for human consumption

·         16 March 1994 The Church of England ordained women priests for the first time in 460 years

·         16 March 1994 Tonya Harding pled guilty in Portland, OR, to conspiracy to hinder prosecution for covering up the attack on her skating rival Nancy Kerrigan. She was fined $100,000. She was also banned from amateur figure skating

·         16 March 1994 Russia agreed to phase out production of weapons-grade plutonium

·         16 March 1994 NASA astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to visit the Russian space station Mir

·         16 March 1998 Rwanda began mass trials for 1994 genocide with 125,000 suspects for 500,000 murders

·         16 March 1999 The 20 members of the European Union’s European Commission announced their resignations amid allegations of corruption and financial mismanagement

·         16 March 2002 The color-coded terror alert system was unveiled by Homeland Security chief Tom Ridge

·         16 March 2003 Craven edges out Busch in closest NASCAR finish

·         16 March 2003 The prime minister of the Serbian state (of Serbia and Montenegro), Zoran Djindjic, was assassinated

·         16 March 2005 Robert Blake acquitted of wife’s murder

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